Periodontics (Gum disease)


1) What is Gum disease?
2) How is Gum disease treated?
3) What is cosmetic gum surgery?

What is Gum disease?

Gum disease or periodontal disease is a condition affecting gum tissues surrounding teeth. It is caused by excessive bacteria and their by- products(plaque) building up in the mouth. If plaque is allowed to remain in the mouth for a long time, minerals from saliva cause it to harden forming tartar(calculus). In the early stages of gum disease the gums appear red, tender, spongy and bleed easily. If left untreated it can lead to pockets forming under the gums. Eventually, the disease may lead to recession of the gingival tissue, destruction of underlying bone, loosening of teeth and tooth loss. Periodontal disease is the primary cause of tooth loss in adult.

What is cosmetic gum surgery?

People having a ”gummy smile” usually undergo contouring of the gums to lengthen their teeth to improve their appearance. Dark gums can also be lightened by a small surgical procedure. This can also be combined with composite bonding and laminates.

How is Gum disease treated?

Treatment of gum disease involves halting the disease at the stage at which it is detected. As it is difficult to treat advanced stages of the disease, it is advisable to detect it early. Plaque& calculus removal is the most important. A professional cleaning (scaling) at least once a year, along with diligent home care involving brushing and flossing will greatly reduce the chances of periodontal disease.In more advanced stages of gum disease a periodontist will have to perform treatments like Sub gingival scaling and root planing, curettage, flap surgery, bone grafts etc.