Pedodontics involves the treatment of dental diseases related to children.

Children are a precious gift. An early start in regular dental care forms an important part of maintaining total health. Dentists recommend the first dental visit between the ages of two and three, so that the child starts to get familiar with the dental surgeon.

Preventing nursing-bottle Syndrome
Pit and Fissure Sealents
Fluoride Therapy
Importance of Primary teeth

Preventing nursing-bottle Syndrome

Teeth start appearing in the mouth after about six months, but can vary from one baby to another. Once teeth start erupting they can be cleaned with a soft bristled brush in the morning and night. These teeth are now prone to decay. It is important to prevent the “nursing bottle syndrome” which leads to extensive decay of teeth. If the child is given a bottle filled with milk, formula or fruit juice at bedtime or for long periods during the day, the extended exposure of teeth to the sugar in these leads to decay. To prevent this clean the teeth after feeds, and at bedtime give the child a bottle filled with water instead of milk.

Pit and Fissure Sealants

At the age of six to seven years the first “permanent” tooth the lower first molar tooth erupts. Once the permanent teeth start erupting , it is advisable to cover these teeth with sealants. Sealants are plastic materials , which are applied to the chewing surfaces of back teeth ie. premolars and molars . The back teeth have depressions and grooves (pits and fissures) in which bacteria and fermentable foods like sugars and starches can be found .These can lead to tooth decay as the pits and fissures cannot be cleaned with a tooth brush.
Sealants seal off the pits and fissures from the oral environment, thus preventing decay from occurring in the pits and fissures. The procedure for their application is also quite simple. The teeth are first cleaned then they are roughened with an acid solution to help the sealant adhere to the tooth surface. The sealant is then ’painted’ on and hardened with a special curing light. As long as the sealant is present on the tooth surface it prevents decay from occurring.

Fluoride Therapy

Once the permanent teeth start erupting . It is advisable to start fluoride therapy. Fluoride strengthens tooth enamel and prevents tooth decay , it also helps to repair minor decay damage. Fluoride therapy is normally done once or twice a year by the dental surgeon using fluoride gel.

Importance of Primary or milk teeth

Primary or milk teeth are very important and must be kept until they are lost naturally. They have a number of important functions. They help maintain good nutrition by allowing the child to chew properly. They allow the child to develop good pronunciation and speech habits. They also allow children to feel good about the way they look. Milk teeth also help guide the proper eruption of permanent teeth. If primary teeth are lost before time the space should be maintained using a “space maintainer” which will be recommended by the pediatric dentist. This will maintain the space for the permanent teeth to erupt. If the space is lost then it will effect the eruption of the permanent teeth may require major dental work later.
.

 

 Prosthodontics
 Orthodontics
 Periodontics
 Endodontics
 Pedodontics
 Oral & Maxillofacial
 Surgery
 Cosmetic Dentistry
 Implantology
 Maxillofacial
 Prosthetics
 Geriatric dentistry
Pedodontics